Should You Switch From an Adjustable to a Fixed-Rate Mortgage?


In the past several years, many homeowners looking for lower monthly mortgage payments took out adjustable-rate mortgages to purchase or refinance their homes. As both mortgage rates and short-term interest rates remain low, many borrowers are now wondering whether moving into a fixed-rate loan makes financial sense for them.

Here are a few things to consider:

Factors at Play

  1. Short-term interest rates are lowYour rate is usually pegged to the 12-month Libor (London Interbank Offered Rate) index. The value is currently at .84%, and your margin is most likely somewhere around 2 to 3%, call it 2.5% (index + margin equals your interest rate).
  2. Fixed-rate mortgages, such as the 30-year fixed rate mortgage, make an alternative to a fixed-debt structure.
  3. You’ll need at least 3% equity in your primary home to refinance.
  4. Can paying down the principal balance justify the refi? The return on equity by means of payment reduction will far likely outweigh your money market returns. If, for example, it takes $50,000 to free up $400 per month, you’ll receive a 10.42% return on your money versus the 0.5% return from the bank.

Adjustable-Rate vs. Fixed Rate

In a typical mortgage rate pricing pattern, you will usually see a spread of around 1% in a rate comparing a 30-year fixed rate mortgage with an adjustable-rate mortgage such as a 5/1 ARM. For example, borrowers on Zillow Mortgage Marketplace are currently being quoted rates of 3.24% for 30-year fixed mortgages and 2.4% for 5/1 ARMs.

So, with interest rates hovering near those historic lows, is now a good time to move from an adjustable-rate mortgage to a fixed-rate loan?

The answer depends on how long you plan to own your home and the amount of risk you’re willing to take when it comes to your monthly payments.

Switching to a fixed-rate loan would allow you to rest assured that your principal and interest payments would remain consistent throughout the life of the loan, whether you own the home for another three years or 30.

Sticking with an adjustable-rate mortgage, however, means that you’ll face annual adjustments to your interest rate and monthly payments. For a 3/1 ARM, for example, the interest rate will be set rate for three years, then will reset every year for the remaining 27 years of the original 30-year term.

If you’re convinced that you’re living in the home of your dreams, then the stability and reliability that a fixed-rate loan offers may be more appealing to you than facing the annual payment uncertainty. If, however, you’re likely to sell soon or tend to relocate often for work, then the lower interest rates and payments of an adjustable-rate mortgage might make more financial sense for you and your shorter-term ownership needs.

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Scott Sheldon is a senior loan officer and consumer advocate based in Santa Rosa, California. Scott has been seen in Yahoo! Homes, CNN Money, Marketwatch and The Wall Street Journal. Connect with him at Sonoma County Mortgages.

Note: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinion or position of Zillow.

  • Arichard8926

    I do not quite agree with the assumptions. I have a 5/1 at 2.50 percent. The goal is that ALMOSt ALL of my mortgae will be paid off at this low rate. So far I only havea balance of 74, 000 and expect it will be about 63,000 by the end of this year. I am taking advantage of the low rate and when the 5 years is up (2016)…God’s wiling I shoould only have a balance of less that 30, 000. Even at 6% I won’t care at this time as I enjiyed the majority of my loan at 2.50 %. Of course I would pay extra to get rid off the 30,000 . So I think it depends on a each individual’s situation.