When it comes to goal-setting, the dreaming is the easy part.
You’ll be better at balancing your checkbook. You’ll finally kick your retirement savings into high gear. And you’re not going to let that financial paperwork pile up again.
But getting your brain to flip the switch to from “planning” to “action” — not so much.
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Perhaps it’s because you just work best under pressure. Once the 11th hour strikes, the creative juices start flowing, and you can tackle just about anything, right?
Actually, no, says Timothy Pychyl, author of “Solving the Procrastination Puzzle” and associate professor of psychology at Carleton University. “We make more errors [under pressure]," he says. "It’s not that you work better under pressure—you only work under pressure.”
In other words, you can’t get anything done unless you have a fire lit under you, which is when you start cursing yourself for not having the willpower to start earlier.
The good news is that sheer willpower isn’t the whole story when it comes to defeating procrastination. And there are plenty of ways to outsmart yourself, so that you can beat your own tendencies toward procrastination.
In fact, with the help of some behavioral and financial pros, we've gathered six strategies that can help you stop delaying the money-related tasks that can enable you to reach your financial goals.
The first step? Keep reading.
Procrastination Hack #1: Accept That You’ll Likely Never Feel Ready
How often have you used the excuse “I just don’t feel like it right now” as the reason to put off tomorrow what you can easily do today?
Let’s face it: You’ll never feel like it. In fact, part of the reason why we keep delaying action is because procrastination is a coping mechanism — it provides a temporary reprieve from an emotionally difficult task.
Pychyl likens it to people who eat not because they are hungry, but because they are trying to fill an emotional void — which ultimately leads to packing on unnecessary pounds. “You’re trying to cope with your emotions by avoiding," he says. "It’s the same self-regulation problem.”
And if you’re procrastinating about a money-related task, then it might be because “sitting down and examining your finances means that you might come face-to-face with realities in your life that may be unpleasant,” says Lauren Locker, CFP®, a financial planner with Locker Financial Services. “It requires you to examine the amount of money coming in and going out, and folks can have difficulty doing that.”
“We spend three days dreading a task that might take 30 minutes. So tell yourself that you’ll do it for just five minutes, and if it’s really that dreadful, you can stop."
But if you accept that your motivational state is never going to match the task at hand, you can stop using that as an excuse for procrastination — and, soon enough, you may notice your motivation start to build because you’ve finally kicked off a course of action.
“If you wait for your muse, you’ll be waiting forever,” Pychyl says. “For example, I like being active, yet still, at any given time, I think, ‘I don’t want to do that.’ That’s when I say to myself, ‘Just get started.’ ”
Procrastination Hack #2: Commit to Just 5 Minutes
And by getting started, we literally mean just get started — even if only for a few minutes.
By minimizing the commitment in your head, you make it much easier to put pen to paper, open your laptop, log into your bank account—whatever the initial step is to tackling that money task you keep putting off.
“We spend three days dreading a task that might take 30 minutes,” says Amy Morin, author of "13 Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do." “So tell yourself that you’ll do it for just five minutes, and if it’s really that dreadful, you can stop. Once you get started, 99% of the time you’ll realize it's not so bad. It’s just like exercise.”
Our discomfort, fear or nervousness is what fuels the belief that tasks like paying bills or checking an investment portfolio are going to be worse than they actually are.
“We assume that if we feel bad about something, that’s because it’s a bad situation,” Morin says.
The reality, however, is often very different from perception. And once you start crossing things off your to-do list, she adds, “it gives you confidence that you can do things you don’t want to do. It's not going to ruin your whole day, like you imagined. Maybe the thing you dreaded ended up taking just 10 minutes.”
Procrastination Hack #3: Make All Deadlines Feel ‘Present’
It happens to the best of us: We set a deadline for ourselves that feels totally doable — only to find that there’s just a few days left to complete the task, and you haven’t even started. Anyone who scrambles to the post office on April 15 to file taxes knows this feeling all too well.
So why do we find it so hard to stick to deadlines? The answer may lie in how we categorize time in our minds.
One study from the University of Chicago found that people tend to view the completion of tasks in one of two ways — as having to happen now or later. The more likely we view the task as happening in the present, the more likely we are to initiate action toward completing it.
The rub? We don’t always view our "nows" and "laters" very logically.
Case in point: The researchers tasked two sets of people with opening a savings account, giving everyone a six-month time frame in which to complete the task.
The ones who were given the task in June, and told to complete it by December, were more likely to open the account right away because the deadline was in the same calendar year. Meanwhile, those who were given the task in July, with a deadline of January, didn’t feel the same sense of urgency and took their time opening an account.
Start setting deadlines based on what you consider 'present' time, even if it’s sooner than you might actually need.
So how do we trick our own brains into overcoming these lapses in logic? Start setting deadlines based on what you consider “present” time, even if it’s sooner than you might actually need, suggests Morin.
For example, if you’re the type to think of this week as the present and next week as the future, then give yourself a calendar deadline to complete a task — say, paying your utility bill — within seven days instead of eight. Or if you want to boost your savings, think about what small amount you can stash away this week, versus at the end of the month, that can help you eventually reach your goal.
Procrastination Hack #4: Make Big Goals Bite-Size
Sometimes the goals you set for yourself can seem so intimidating or tedious that it feels impossible to even get started.
That may be because whatever you’re ultimately trying to achieve feels too vague or big picture. But breaking down your financial goal into action items can help make it feel more concrete and manageable.
“If I say to myself, ‘I’m going to set up a savings account,’ it has no teeth—there’s no action associated with it,” explains Pychyl. “If you’re really serious about it, ask yourself, ‘What’s the next action?’ ”
In other words, “opening a savings account” transforms into a series of smaller steps that you tackle in succession: Research your bank options. Fill out the paperwork. Seed it with a target amount. Decide how much you want automatically transferred on the 15th of every month.
On its own, none of these tasks feels intimidating, and you can set mini deadlines for yourself to take one of these actions every day or every week until you’re finished completing the bigger task at hand.
Retirement is another good example of a larger goal that may feel less daunting once it’s broken down into mini-deadlines by years, months or even weeks.
“Saying you want a million dollars by retirement can seem like an impossible goal,” Morin says. “But if you say, ‘I need $2,000 by next Christmas,’ that’s not so bad.”
Procrastination Hack #5: Create Roadblocks ... for Your Roadblocks
Usually, making things harder for yourself isn't something we’d recommend—except when it comes to all the ways you enable your procrastination.
If you often find that “just two more minutes” of, say, your favorite sitcom usually morphs into two hours, then it’s time for drastic measures. When it comes to money tasks, pinpoint what your biggest barriers are to getting things done—then make it nearly impossible to do those things until you’ve completed your financial to-do.
“If you find that when you come home from work, you watch TV rather than deal with your paperwork, hide the remote,” Morin says. “Make it more difficult to do what gets in the way. And then say, ‘If I sit down and do X amount of work, I can watch 30 minutes of TV.' ”
Hint: You may need to enlist the help of a loved one to police your procrastination. Perhaps it's the person who knows where the remote is hidden, or holds onto your smartphone until you’ve held up your end of the bargain.
Make bargains with yourself like, "If I meet my savings goal this month, I’ll take 5% of that money and treat myself to something I want."
Procrastination Hack #6: Bribe Yourself
Giving yourself small rewards — like that 30 minutes of TV time — can go a long way toward beating procrastination, both in the short term and in the long run.
Perhaps that next episode of your favorite drama on Netflix is your incentive for working an hour on your taxes. Or maybe if you complete three different financial tasks during the week, you can treat yourself to dinner at your favorite restaurant over the weekend.
If you’re working toward something that requires more consistent discipline, like putting away money in an emergency fund each month, try tying your reward to that goal.
For example, “Make bargains with yourself like, ‘If I meet my savings goal this month, I’ll take 5% of that money and treat myself to something I want.' Or, 'If I figure out how to use Google Wallet this weekend, I’ll reward myself by buying a nice bottle of wine,’ " suggests Locker.
Not only will the reward give you something to work toward, it also gives you the positive reinforcement you need to keep doing the small things that could eventually help you reach bigger-picture goals. “Bribing yourself can be a long-term solution [to deal with procrastination],” Pychyl says. “It’s definitely a step on the road to long-term habit formation.”
LearnVest Planning Services is a registered investment adviser and subsidiary of LearnVest, Inc., that provides financial plans for its clients. Information shown is for illustrative purposes only and is not intended as investment, legal or tax planning advice. Please consult a financial adviser, attorney or tax specialist for advice specific to your financial situation. Unless specifically identified as such, the people interviewed in this piece are neither clients, employees nor affiliates of LearnVest Planning Services, and the views expressed are their own. LearnVest Planning Services and any third parties listed, linked to or otherwise appearing in this message are separate and unaffiliated and are not responsible for each other’s products, services or policies.