Wall Street may sometimes feel synonymous with corruption, especially following these recent scandals:
- HSBC funneling money to the Mexican drug cartel and suspected terrorist groups
- British investment bank Barclays’s manipulating inter-bank lending rates, possibly cheating several U.S. municipalities out of millions of dollars, thanks to the rate’s impact on bonds
- J.P. Morgan’s attempt to hide huge losses from risky derivatives trades, resulting in a Congressional hearing
- Capital One telling customers that their credit monitoring service was free when, in fact, they were charging for it—resulting in a $210 million fine from the Consumer Protection Bureau
- Giant hedge fund SAC potentially engaging in insider trading
- Goldman Sachs’ alleged fraud for failure to disclose conflict of interest on mortgage investments, leading to an investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (ultimately, the Department of Justice decided not to prosecute … leading to more charges of cronyism)
In light of all this, according to the Wall Street Journal, Barclays Chief Executive Antony Jenkins told a U.K. parliamentary group that he wants to eradicate a culture that is “too short-term focused, too aggressive and, on occasions, too self-serving.”
This begs a bigger question: Given how Wall Street is set up, is there a financial incentive to be dishonest? And is there any way to change that problem at its core—perhaps by providing financial incentives for honesty itself?
Dishonesty and Money
You could certainly argue that there’s monetary incentive for unethical behavior. If you make more money without being punished, then why should you stop?
Cathy O’Neil, a former quantitative analyst at hedge fund D.E. Shaw, says that her colleagues’ immediate goal was to land a large bonus—and their ultimate goal was to earn as much as possible. Although O’Neil never saw anything illegal at D.E. Shaw, she did witness analysts developing a misleading model that served their best interests, as opposed to their clients’, because they ignored risk assessments.
“While discounting risk is not criminal, it makes people feel safe when they shouldn’t,” she says. Actions like these upset her so much that she left Wall Street— and joined forces with the Occupy movement. “Right now, there’s a system in place where insiders get rich when they fail. It’s like having an alcoholic brother in your living room, with your ATM card.”
Making matters worse, investors naively play into the scenario. “It’s ludicrous that people assume they can get good, unbiased financial advice without any conflict of interest from a fellow human being,” says Satyajit Das, a former banker and the author of “Extreme Money” and “Traders, Guns & Money.”
Bankers will push their own agenda based on how far the company culture allows it before they get caught and reprimanded, says Nina Godiwalla, author of “Suits: A Woman on Wall Street.” And sometimes even criminal practices go unpunished. O’Neil tends to agree: At times, she says, illegal acts are tolerated when they yield high profits, making it more acceptable to cut corners.
Could Financial Incentives Make People Honest?
Jenkins’s plan includes changing the way employee bonuses and commissions are decided via the Barclays Strategic Review, in which the company will analyze 75 distinct business units for return on investment, and for the impact that they make on the company’s reputation.