When Is the Best Time to Buy Airline Tickets?

Allison Kade
Posted

This year, my family celebrated Thanksgiving in February.

Four of us were flying from New York to Miami, and we tried to be responsible. We checked in on ticket prices as early as summertime—unusually high. We tried again closer to the holiday—no great luck.

We found reasonably priced tickets later the next year and decided to “reschedule” Thanksgiving for February.

Everything worked out okay in the end, but I wasn’t able to eat turkey with my immediate family. Next time, I’d like to celebrate Thanksgiving on, you know, Thanksgiving.

But does that mean I have to buy my tickets a year in advance to get reasonable prices?!

The short answer: No. (The longer answer: Wait till early September.)

Whether or not you’re in a pre- (pre-) holiday conundrum like mine, knowing the best times to buy plane tickets for any occasion would be an awesome skill … more like a magical power.

So I spoke to Kellie Pelletier, the airfare expert at Jetsetter, to help me—and you—acquire that magical power. In addition to giving me the inside scoop on ways to save on plane tickets, she broke down exactly when to buy tickets for everything from Thanksgiving to late summer getaways.

Ground Rules for Getting the Best Airfare

Before going into the specifics of when to buy each ticket, she shared some basic rules:

  • Shop on Tuesday mornings. Fare sales are often launched Monday nights, so other airlines have matched their prices by Tuesday morning.
  • Search how full your flight is. You can tell if your flight is full or empty by starting to buy tickets online and “choosing your seat.” That will show you how many seats are taken already.
  • Remember it’s a gamble. When in doubt, booking earlier is safer. If you wait, fares could go up or down, and usually fares go up by more than they go down (read: going down $50 vs. going up by $300). Only bide your time if your flight isn’t too full and you know the price is a lot higher than it should be.
  • Use online tools. Kayak’s “Hacker” tool can help you find two separate one-way flights to make a round trip that saves more money. Kayak also offers a fare chart so you can see trends in the ticket prices, and Bing created a price predictor tool to help you guess if fares are going up or down.
  • Follow airlines. Some airlines promote one-hour sales on Facebook or Twitter only, so follow an airline for the best deals.
  • Consider a destination serviced by low-cost carriers. Carriers like AirTran, Southwest and Frontier drive down all airfares along their routes. So it might make sense sometimes to drive longer to go to a bigger airport with low-cost carriers, since even major carriers’ flights will likely be cheaper.

Then, Pelletier let me in on the best practices for buying plane tickets for every occasion. Just keep in mind that airline prices are an art, not a science—above all, use common sense and remember these are rules of thumb rather than word of law.

If You’re Traveling …

At a Normal Time (Not During the Holidays or High Season)

Non-peak domestic flights present one of your best shots at timing your ticket-buying. This will be easiest if it’s a route you’re familiar with and you have a sense of what a good price is.

When to buy: Pelletier says, “Recent fare analysis by the Airlines Reporting Corporation, which processes ticket transactions for airlines and travel agencies, reported that over the past four years passengers paid the lowest price for domestic flights when buying just about six weeks in advance.”

Here’s your plan of attack:

  1. Check available tickets eight to ten weeks before your departure. If the flights aren’t too booked, wait until six weeks prior.
  2. At six weeks: If the price looks good, go ahead and book. If the tickets look a little high but your flight is pretty full, buy anyway because fares will probably only go up. If the price is high and your flight is pretty empty, you can choose to wait a week or two to see if prices decrease.
  3. Consult resources like Kayak’s fare chart and Bing’s price predictor to see if your flight’s price is likely to go down. Put a fare alert on a few different airlines.
  4. Right before you’re two weeks out, buy your tickets. If you book within 14 days, airlines may assume you’re a business traveler and will charge you a premium.

To a Popular Location in the High Season

Disney World during summer break. Aspen during ski season. Anywhere warm during the winter. When you’re trying to go somewhere at a popular time, buy tickets well in advance.

When to buy: One to three months in advance—preferably three. 

Bonus tip: Prices will typically be lowest if you avoid the usual Friday to Sunday weekend cycle. If you’re going for a weekend, try using the “weekend trip” option under the “flexible trip” search on most web resources like Kayak. This lets you define weekend however you want, whether Friday to Sunday or Saturday to Monday, so you can find the cheapest options.

Around a Holiday

Pelletier told me Thanksgiving is the absolute hardest to buy tickets for, because everyone is trying to fly out and return on the same days (Wednesday to Sunday). Christmas is more flexible because people choose different days off. Notice when holidays fall midweek. For example, if July 4th falls on Wednesday some people take time off before, some after. This allows you more flexibility in buying tickets.

When to buy: At least three months out. Aim to buy Thanksgiving tickets the Tuesday after Labor Day; don’t book too early because rates will usually come down at least a little after the summer, when rates are high because gas is expensive.

Bonus tip: If you can, avoid Sunday flights and traditional travel days. That could mean leaving before and coming back later than most people, or flying on the holiday itself. Pelletier told us you can often save 50% on a ticket by flying Christmas Eve or day. “We saved $300 per ticket around Thanksgiving for our family of four,” she told us, “by flying out the Saturday before Thanksgiving and coming back the Saturday after. Not everyone can swing that with their work schedules, so my advice is to leave Thanksgiving day and return on Saturday for cheaper fares.”

Over the Summer

If you’re looking to travel this summer, book your flights right away because there will almost certainly be more fare increases to come. Extra hint: Pelletier recommends taking earlier morning flights because rain delays are a lot more common in the summer.

When to buy: Three months before your departure, depending on where you’re going. More than any other season, buy early because gas prices are notoriously high. Prices usually only go up as the summer progresses.

Bonus tip: Extend the summer for better prices—if you can book your vacation for May or September, you’re likely to save as much as 25-50% on air and hotel. You can also find deals when certain regions have slow seasons because of school schedules. For instance, Northeast schools are usually in session through mid-June, so beaches in New England offer deals in early June. Southeastern schools start back in mid-August, so beach destinations in South Carolina and Florida may offer late August deals.

During the Fall

Autumn isn’t typically leisure travel season since kids are back in school, so there are a lot of great fare sales, particularly last-minute ones around late September or October. If you are open and flexible, this is a great season for an off-peak leisure trip to a mountainous area or somewhere off-season like Mexico.

When to buy: You can wait longer and be more open to last-minute deals (like two to four weeks in advance) in the fall. If you need to go somewhere in particular, though, buy six weeks in advance so you aren’t gambling.

Bonus tip: Avoid fall convention hotspots like Las Vegas, NYC and Orlando. A great time for a cheap leisure trip is between Thanksgiving and Christmas. For trips during that time, start looking in September.

In the Winter

Aside from the obvious winter holidays, traveling in the winter will depend a lot on where you’re going. If it’s a warm getaway, you’re buying in the high season. If you’re going somewhere less popular (read: to and from colder locales) you’ll have more leeway.

When to buy: If you’re going skiing, book extremely early because ski season is so short and flights to tiny ski towns are often small—at least three months in advance, if not as early as September! If you’re traveling somewhere warm, give yourself three months. If you’re going to an unpopular destination, you can play closer to the bone and try to time the best prices. (Check out the section about off-peak travel for the plan of attack.)

In the Springtime

Spring is pretty expensive across the board because of spring break and Easter holidays. Spring breaks are different for college kids, families, public schools, private schools … Find out when spring breaks are in your region and try to avoid those dates like the plague. You can search your county’s school district’s website for the dates.

When to buy: If you’re traveling any time during your area’s spring break, at least three months in advance. If not, you can look at how full your flight is and try to time your purchase for the best prices.

Tell us in the comments: What are your best and worst airfare experiences?

Saving for Big Trip

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  • Rebecca G.

    May I also suggest using Hipmunk.com? It’s interface is easy to use and lets you look up and compare multiple flights easily!

    I just had to re-schedule a flight through Delta and it was a bit of a hassle, I didn’t select the extra refundable option and they wanted to charge $195! Luckily I switched from JFK to LGA and saved myself some of that money. Their $150 re-schedule fee is pretty hefty.

    • Jenna

      I like Hipmunk as well! I’m a visual person, so being able to visually compare flight times and layovers is really helpful.

    • Amy

      I love that you can sort flights by “Agony” on Hipmunk :-) . It doesn’t seem to work between some cities, though… couldn’t find flights between SFO and Paris, for example. 

  • kristine

    the answer is to use a travel agent who can track availability for
    you periodically - 

  • SS

    Any advice for International flights? I live in Sydney and my home town is in Southern California. Thx for any advice :)

    • Ssm

      Pay the extra to stick with one airline alliance and use those frequent flyer miles!

  • Josh

    What’s the reasoning behind waiting until six to eight weeks out for most non-peak flights? Why wouldn’t it be better to book six to eight months out if possible? Trust the advice, but wondering what the logic behind it is.

    • Sheila

      That’s what I do and trust me I save a ton more money than waiting 6-8 weeks before traveling.

    • SSm

      Many airlines run sales closer to the time that can net a real savings… For me it was 300 cheaper to book 4 weeks prior than it was 6 weeks prior… But… I can drive to my destination if fares don’t fall, so I can afford to wait it out.

    • amkade

      Hey Josh,

      Basically, waiting is a gamble, as is trying to time tickets at all. The six week mark was derived from a study of airfares that found that that was the point at which, on average, fares were lowest for a given route, but that’s definitely a rule of thumb and not a set-in-stone rule. 

      Even more than simply waiting, Kellie suggested looking at how full your flight is by using that trick of “selecting a seat” — if it’s more than eight weeks out and your flight is pretty full, you’re probably safer not waiting. But, if your flight is reasonably empty and the price sounds high to you, there’s a decent chance, according to historical averages, that your fare could be cheaper around that six week mark. And if your flight isn’t too full, the risk level probably isn’t too high in waiting.

      Hope that helps and thanks for reading! ;-)

      Allison

  • Ora

    We had to purchase tickets immediately after my mother-in-law passed, and the tickets were very expensive.  I assumed the airline would give us a break when I presented the death certificate (after the trip), but they said no.  That’s cold!

  • Sheila

    Although there are some useful tips in this article, I have to disagree with some of them.  Our family celebrates Christmas at my brother’s in California so by knowing that I’m going to need a ticket later in the year I start looking as soon as the flights become available.  I’ve managed to get some great rates by shopping early.  One year I bought a nonstop round trip ticket from Kansas City to San Francisco for $214 for Christmas.  Last year I paid $289.  Any flight under $300 is considered good, but I thought the $214 was a steal.  I seriously think it was an error made on the part of the airline.  If you know you are going to be traveling there’s no reason to wait.  Sometimes it requires knowing what a good rate is for a certain destination, but the prices are only going to go up.  From my experience it’s best to put in alerts on kayak.com and travelocity.com.  Travelocity will let you enter an alert for 3 days before and after your intended travel dates so if your dates are flexible, like mine were at Christmas it will help you get the best rate.  Of course, I always buy straight from the airline’s website and this can save you as much as $50 on a flight.  

  • http://twitter.com/FlowsBoutique Florence A

    I’m from Belgium and I compare flights on Skyscanner.net not sure if its available in the states. But it has been an amazing tool for me when looking for cheap last minute flights within europe.

  • Paris

    One other tip I’ve used is to set up a Yapta.com alert after I book a flight. That way if the price goes down you can call and get a refund or travel credit.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/2UCRGQXUJZW4BI2FXEHYMS34TE Liz

    “Just keep in mind that airline prices are an art, not a science”.I beg to differ. The price of airline tickets is one outcome of the effect of inventory control, a finely honed science, to which carriers devote much time and money. 

  • Nikki88

    Also check on the cost of changes, extras and luggage. I travel from Australia to France return about 4 times a year. I normally book through Etihad/Emirates at a normal cost of $1600-1700 per ticket including taxes.
    I changed (once) when I found British airways had a flight for $1500. However, the luggage was only 23kgs, Each change was a cost of $140 (flooding in australia prevented a return) and I ended up having an extra 10 hours of travelling.

    When you compare this to my preferred carriers, british airways (aka air france, qantas etc) was severly lacking.
    Emirates/etihad offer up to 30kgs of luggage(no extra for bulky equipment and golfclubs are considered a free weight.) their taxes are quite small and they are not just flexible for change of dates but for destination too. I have changed a Australia france return ticket into a australia france china ticket. Their frequent flyer miles are also worth more and are more user easy.

  • vandera12

    I must disagree with the ‘cheaper on Tuesday morning’ advice. I’ve been watching prices for a flight to Sacramento, and followed this advice with the opposite effect = prices jumped Tuesday morning! Instead of purchasing a ticket, for which the price had dropped on a Monday evening, I went with the article’s advice and waited until Tuesday at 5 a.m., checking the exact same flight only to find it had jumped back up to what it was on Sunday = an $85 increase. Not a lot to some, but it is to me. Since I could not wait until the following Monday for prices to fall again, I had to book at the increased price. Yippee. It is a finicky business, and unless you have ample time to sit and watch, and try the multitude of search combinations – one way vs. roundtrip vs. one way to the connection location, then the connection location to destination,  etc. etc. – it’s like pulling off a bandaid = just pull and get it over with already.

    • Sheila

      Very true.  I think the airlines are on to us.  To be honest, I’m not sure I’ve ever purchased tickets on a Tuesday.  One year I swear I bought a ticket that must have been posted as a mistake.  I called my mom to tell her to jump on it and within a couple of hours it had changed already.

  • http://twitter.com/Blueprint4Style Monica Barnett

    Awesome article. I shared the wisdom with my readers!

  • http://www.cheapflightstrip.blogspot.in/ cheap flights Trip

    Great travel information for the buy airline flights. I love traveling. Thank you so much..

  • Ducky

    This article seems spot on … I *just* bought a ticket on Monday night for $395 and it decreased to $365 yesterday. I’m exactly six weeks out from my intended travel date, too. I wish I had known about the Tuesday morning thing, I would have waited the day since my flight wasn’t that full!

  • Kelly Rogers

    Thanks for all these tips. They are very useful for frequent flyers and for occasional travellers like me.

    • Kelly Rogers

      By the way, I also like the tips given by some people on the comment section. I’m now inclined to book cheap flights for the Holy Week. I hope I can find one.

  • jerrymandel

    By earning credit card bonuses, my goal is NEVER to pay money for air and hotels. Except government taxes and fees, of course and having the right credit cards to check bags free.